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Chicory

Featuring heirloom, open-pollinated, non-GMO, untreated seeds.

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Italiko Rosso Dandelion Chicory, Red Stem


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$2.49

Italiko Rosso Dandelion (Cichorium intybus).

ITALIAN HEIRLOOM

This chicory variety has red stems which add a brilliant colour to salads and other dishes. Leaves are deeply lobed with classic bitter dandelion-like flavour.

Type Chicory
Family Asteraceae  Family
Temperature Soil 50-65F
Temperature Daytime 50-65F
Temperature Evening 40F+
Lighting Partial / Light, 4-6 Hours/Day
Water Light, 6 Gallons/Week
Maturity Light, 35-50 Days Harvest
PH Neutral 6.5-7.2
Zones 1A-9B
Plant Placement 4 Plants, 4 Per Row

Tres Fine Maraichere Frisée Endive, French, Scarola, Loose Headed, Curly Chicory


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$2.49

Endive Frisée is a type of chicory that has exploded onto gourmet plates. The exotic plant resembles a lettuce that has gone horribly awry. With a pale green explosion of frizzy leaves it adds a frisky note to green salads.

Frisée or chicorée frisée is French for curly chicory. It also is sometimes called Italian curly chicory or French curly chicory. Now, frisée is not exactly the same vegetable that comes to market as chicory, curly chicory, and curly endive, although it is exactly the same plant, Cichorium endivia.

Grown in, and named after a municipality in northern Italy near Turin. Suitable for both summer and autumn cultivation, it has curly and strongly lobed leaves and a creamy-white self-blanching heart.

With a very large head, long mid-green leaves and a self-bleaching, creamy-white interior, the fullness of the head facilitates tying up for more intense blanching.

Popularised in the 1990s, Frisée often appears in mesclun and other salad mixes, because the green is extremely laborious and expensive to produce as a sole salad ingredient. It is generally served in loose chunks in salad to highlight its exotic feathered appearance and a small amount can go a long way.

While it can have a slightly bitter flavour, frisée is much milder than other varieties of endive such as radicchio or Belgian endive. Tie up for a week before harvesting to blanch.

Leaf Chicory, Zuccherina Di Trieste Da Taglio, Sugar Cutting Chicory


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$2.49

The sugary chicory of Trieste is a variety of cut chicory with round leaves of a bright blond green color (hence the names blond chicory or very blond chicory). This cut chicory variety starts to vegetate quickly and repeatedly, allowing for many early cycle harvests.

The sugary chicory of Trieste  is a  variety of cut chicory with round leaves of a bright blond green color (hence the names blond  chicory or very blond chicory ).

This  cut chicory variety starts to vegetate quickly and repeatedly, allowing for many early cycle harvests. Due to its rapid development it can also  be grown  in pots . The sowing period is from March to September while the harvest is from April to November.

Growing chicory is easy. Chicory ( Cichorium intybus L.) is a rustic plant, very adaptable but prefers a mild climate because it fears frosts and persistent low temperatures.

The  Trieste sugar  is a variety of  chicory  excellent for the preparation of soups, to accompany meat or fish dishes but also to bring excellent rustic pies to the table. The  sugary chicory of Trieste  appears as a radicchio with large , round and light green leaves with light veins. The secret for an excellent yield of the  cultivation  of this  chicory  is the harvest, the  sugar of Trieste  re- grows after each cut, so, with a single sowing, it is possible to give rise to more crops.

Broad-Leaved Batavian Endive, Full Heart Escarole


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$2.49
Add texture to your salads with endive. Works as a garnish, too. Large, smooth dark green leaves on a compact plant. You won't have to spend a lot of time caring for endive. Try fresh greens from your garden.
A member of the chicory family, endive is also commonly referred to as escarole in some grocery stores. Thought to have originated in the Mediterranean region, this plant gained its roots in the US around the mid to late 1800s and has continued to gain popularity in American cuisine ever since. Although not quite as hardy as other leafy vegetables, endive plants still prefer somewhat cooler weather, and exposure to too much heat will cause the leaves to develop a more bitter flavor. However, some gardeners consider this the plant’s most redeeming quality, so growing techniques may be altered based on personal taste.
Unlike the curlier varieties, broad-leaved endives such as the Broad-leaved Batavian have a more mild, less bitter flavor and are commonly used in salads, soups, and stews.
 
History: Endive is a native to the East Indies and it has a long history of culture in Egypt and Greece
 
Endive is grown like lettuce and is sensitive to hot weather. Thin plants to 8-12 in. apart in rows 18 in. apart. May be blanched in 3 weeks by tying up the outer wrapper leaves, but must re main dry inside the wrapper. Blanching increases crispness, tenderness, and removes bitterness caused by hot weather. For prolonged harvest, dig plants in late fall with root ball intact and store at about 50°F in a root cellar.
Type Chicory
Family Asteraceae  Family
Temperature Soil 50-65F
Temperature Daytime 50-65F
Temperature Evening 40F+
Lighting Partial / Light, 4-6 Hours/Day
Water Light, 6 Gallons/Week
Maturity Light, 35-50 Days Harvest
PH Neutral 6.5-7.2
Zones 1A-9B
Plant Placement 4 Plants, 4 Per Row

Packet: 9-10 grams of seed

 

Endive Escarole, Indivia Scarola Cornetto Di Bordeaux, French


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$2.49

Escarole is usually used cooked, in a pan or blanched . It can be served as a side dish accompanied by aromas or other ingredients or it can be inserted as an ingredient in pizzas and focaccias.

Variety with large, broad and crinkly leaves that curve naturally to form a tall horn-shaped head. Natural blanching. Very resistant to cold. Suitable  for autumn cultivation. SOWING: in rows from July to October. Trasplant when plants have formed 4-5 leaves, at intervals of about 30 cm with about cm between rows.

Upright winter escarole lettuce with very crunchy leaves. A French heirloom escarole, with large, scalloped green leaves and a central leaf core that curls into a horn shape. Cornetto Di Bordeaux Escarole. Mid-Early. Large upright plant with full open head, large dark green external leaves with light green-blond heart. Very early in the formation of the tuft which is large, elongated and typically wrapped . The leaves are a beautiful light green blond color. Late variety.

Endive Escarole is easily grown in cool weather. Sow directly in the garden as soon as the soil can be worked in the spring. Endive Escarole may also be started as transplants 5 to 8 weeks before setting out. Sow thinly using sterilized seed starter mix, cover lightly and water. Provide light, moderate warmth and good ventilation. A second crop may be sown in late summer to early fall. Grow Endive Escarole quickly with plenty of moisture for the most pleasing taste. Most will bolt (go to seed) and taste a bit unpleasant in hot weather. Amend the soil with moderate amounts of compost and a sprinkling of organic fertilizer. To blanch the tender centers (pale hearts) of Endive Escarole, place a clay flower pot over the plant 2 weeks prior to harvesting. Harvest by cutting the entire head at soil level.

 
Type Chicory
Family Asteraceae  Family
Temperature Soil 50-65F
Temperature Daytime 50-65F
Temperature Evening 40F+
Lighting Partial / Light, 4-6 Hours/Day
Water Light, 6 Gallons/Week
Maturity Light, 35-50 Days Harvest
PH Neutral 6.5-7.2
Zones 1A-9B
Plant Placement 4 Plants, 4 Per Row

 

Green Curled Ruffec, Scarola, Endive


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$2.49

Green Curled Ruffec Endive is one of the finest endives for crisp and tasty salad. The leaves are thick, tender, and buttery with a distinctive taste. The cluster of inner leaves blanches to creamy yellow/white. A good producer that can be grown early and later in the season.

Curly or curled endive and escarole are cool-weather vegetables; they are varieties of the same plant. Curly endive has curled, ruffled leaves and escarole has smooth leaves. Curly endive is sometimes called frisee.

Endive and escarole are cool-season biennials grown as annuals. Both are salad greens similar to lettuce but stronger flavored. Both are commonly blanched to give them a paler appearance and milder flavor. Both grow from a large rosette of light-green leaves in the center that gradate to dark-green at the outer edges. Escarole has broader leaves; endive is commonly curled and often toothed. Endive is different from Belgian endive which is the young blanched sprout of the chicory plant.

Type Chicory
Family Asteraceae  Family
Temperature Soil 50-65F
Temperature Daytime 50-65F
Temperature Evening 40F+
Lighting Partial / Light, 4-6 Hours/Day
Water Light, 6 Gallons/Week
Maturity Light, 35-50 Days Harvest
PH Neutral 6.5-7.2
Zones 1A-9B
Plant Placement 4 Plants, 4 Per Row

Packet: 9-10 grams of seed

 

Radicchio, Treviso, Red Chicory


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$2.49

Radicchio is a perennial cultivated form of leaf chicory sometimes known as Italian chicory because of its common use in Italian cuisine. It is grown as a leaf vegetable and usually has colorful white-veined red leaves that form a head. Radicchio has a bitter and spicy taste which mellows if it is grilled or roasted.

Tall and pointed, it looks like a large red endive, with a similarly mild flavor. The sturdy, narrow leaves are made for scooping up dips.

Type Chicory
Family Asteraceae  Family
Temperature Soil 50-65F
Temperature Daytime 50-65F
Temperature Evening 40F+
Lighting Partial / Light, 4-6 Hours/Day
Water Light, 6 Gallons/Week
Maturity Light, 35-50 Days Harvest
PH Neutral 6.5-7.2
Zones 1A-9B
Plant Placement 4 Plants, 4 Per Row

Packet: 9-10 grams of seed

 

Radicchio, Variegata di Chioggia, Chicory


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$2.49

Another standout from our extensive radicchio trials. Best for fall and early winter harvest. Heads are slightly variable in shape and size but all have a nice red-pink and white variegation, lacking the green of Castelfranco and Luisa types. Large, round heads (think iceberg lettuce) are beautiful and the flavor is delicious, somewhere between the sweeter Castelfranco and the stronger flavored Rosso di Chioggia. According to Italian historical accounts, Variegata di Chioggia was selected out from a cross with Castelfranco and then the much redder Rosso di Chioggia was selected from Variegata di Chioggia. Originating near Chioggia, Italy.

Type Chicory
Family Asteraceae  Family
Temperature Soil 50-65F
Temperature Daytime 50-65F
Temperature Evening 40F+
Lighting Partial / Light, 4-6 Hours/Day
Water Light, 6 Gallons/Week
Maturity Light, 35-50 Days Harvest
PH Neutral 6.5-7.2
Zones 1A-9B
Plant Placement 4 Plants, 4 Per Row

Packet: 9-10 grams of seed

 

Grumolo Green Chicory, Spring Chicory


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$2.49

Dark green head with rosette. In spring, 30 days to baby, 50 days to full size. If grown for fall harvest, initial growth is a somewhat elongated head with large rounded leaves. After cutting, leave the root and crown and you will get the grumolo rosettes in the spring. Alternatively, plant later in summer and you should get rosettes the following spring.

Type Chicory
Family Asteraceae  Family
Temperature Soil 50-65F
Temperature Daytime 50-65F
Temperature Evening 40F+
Lighting Partial / Light, 4-6 Hours/Day
Water Light, 6 Gallons/Week
Maturity Light, 35-50 Days Harvest
PH Neutral 6.5-7.2
Zones 1A-9B
Plant Placement 4 Plants, 4 Per Row

Packet: 9-10 grams of seed

 

French & Belgian Witloof Chicory, Endive Chicory, Witloof di Bruxelles


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$2.49
Famous for the forced, blanched heads or ‘chicons’ that are loved by gourmets Chicory 'Brussels Witloof' is the traditional finely-textured variety used for forcing. It produces tightly packed high-quality leaves and is one of the finest tasting winter vegetables.
Witloof (meaning 'white leaf' in Flemish) has a delicious, tangy, unique flavour, very easy to grow, it needs to be blanched to obtain the characteristic pale yellow, but can be cut young for use without blanching.
Raw, cooked, baked, roasted, caramelised, stewed, sweet or savory, there are endless ways to enjoy Witloof chicory. It is served in most of central Europe as a hot dish, but also used occasionally in a salad. Use it raw for dipping, filling or chopped in salads. It can also be cooked, baked, roasted, caramelized, stewed, sweet or savory.
Origin:
Chicory describes a group of hardy annual or biennial cultivated plants developed from a common wild plant of Europe, western Asia, and Africa. Wild forms of endive grow in the same area as chicory, but extends farther to the east to India and beyond, including Siberia. The cultivated varieties are root chicory (Cichorium var. sativum) and salad chicory (Cichorium var. foliosum).
Chicory was introduced to England, Germany, Holland, and France in the 13th century. The French used it primarily for medicinal purposes to "comfort the weake and feeble stomack and to help gouty limbs and sore eyes".
 
Type Chicory
Family Asteraceae  Family
Temperature Soil 50-65F
Temperature Daytime 50-65F
Temperature Evening 40F+
Lighting Partial / Light, 4-6 Hours/Day
Water Light, 6 Gallons/Week
Maturity Light, 35-50 Days Harvest
PH Neutral 6.5-7.2
Zones 1A-9B
Plant Placement 4 Plants, 4 Per Row

Packet: 9-10 grams of seed

 

Castelfranco Chicory, Radicchio, Variegata di Castelfranco


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$2.49
Castelfranco forms a gorgeous loose head similar in form to looseleaf lettuce heads. Edible leaves are green with red speckles and are similar in texture to looseleaf lettuce. The flavor profile is similar to Radicchio and Endive (which are also types of Chicory).
Originating in the 17th century Castelfranco radicchio is named after the Northern Italian town of Castelfranco Veneto where it was first cultivated. The region of Veneto in Italy is known for its radicchio production with each town in the region being specialized in growing their own specific type. A method to develop some raddichios such as Castelfranco’s unique coloring known as imbiancamento (forced whitening) was first developed in 1860 by Belgian agronomist Francesco Van Den Borre. A complicated process, imbiancamento involves early harvest of Castelfranco then packing the trimmed heads into mesh baskets and storing in a darkened room. The roots are then allowed to soak in circulating spring water kept at 60 degrees Fahrenheit. The process takes several days during which time the leaves take on their signature red-purple variegations. Castelfranco can also successfully be grown in the home garden without use of the imbiancamento method provided it is given regular, moderate watering and mild to cool temperatures.
 Recipe Ideas
Nom Nom Paleo
Wilted Radicchio with Shallots
Cook Almost Anything
Grilled Castelfranco Radicchio with Lemon Herb Dressing
Rhubarb Fool
Castelfranco Radicchio and Pancetta Salad
Ciuliano Hazan
Penne with Radicchio
Amy Glaze's Pommes D'amour
Blood Orange & Castelfranco Radicchio Salad with Fennel, Radish & Mint
Type Chicory
Family Asteraceae  Family
Temperature Soil 50-65F
Temperature Daytime 50-65F
Temperature Evening 40F+
Lighting Partial / Light, 4-6 Hours/Day
Water Light, 6 Gallons/Week
Maturity Light, 35-50 Days Harvest
PH Neutral 6.5-7.2
Zones 1A-9B
Plant Placement 4 Plants, 4 Per Row

Packet: 9-10 grams of seed

 

Popular Frastagliata Catalogna Green Chicory, Italian Dandelion Chicory


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$2.49
Known in Italy as Catalogna frastagliata, Italian Dandelion Chicory Seeds produce not a dandelion, but a chicory, a kind of endive. Fast growing, upright, dark-green notched leaves stand in thick bunches. Cut the plant at any height and it will re-grow again. Steamed like spinach, they have a pleasant "wild" flavour.
 
Type Chicory
Family Asteraceae  Family
Temperature Soil 50-65F
Temperature Daytime 50-65F
Temperature Evening 40F+
Lighting Partial / Light, 4-6 Hours/Day
Water Light, 6 Gallons/Week
Maturity Light, 35-50 Days Harvest
PH Neutral 6.5-7.2
Zones 1A-9B
Plant Placement 4 Plants, 4 Per Row

 

Italian Chicory Mix, Mix of Traditional Italian Salads, Chiogga, Sugar Loaf, Scirolo, Verona


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$2.49

Mix of Chicory Blends; Sugar Loaf, Chiogga, Scriolo, and Verona. 


Type
Chicory
Family Asteraceae  Family
Temperature Soil 50-65F
Temperature Daytime 50-65F
Temperature Evening 40F+
Lighting Partial / Light, 4-6 Hours/Day
Water Light, 6 Gallons/Week
Maturity Light, 35-50 Days Harvest
PH Neutral 6.5-7.2
Zones 1A-9B
Plant Placement 4 Plants, 4 Per Row

Packet: 9-10 grams of seed

 

Radicchio Chicory Rossa di Verona


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$2.49

An outstanding selection of a solid heading radicchio with a 4-6” tall, elongated shape. Deep red/purple leaves with broad white mid-ribs are nice and crunchy with the tangy bitterness that radicchio is known for. We loved this variety for our winter CSA, as the tight wrapping on the heads meant that even when outer leaves were damaged from extreme cold, there was still a marketable head just a few leaves down. Also great harvested young as a loose head or for salad mix as cut-and-come-again greens.

Type Chicory
Family Asteraceae  Family
Temperature Soil 50-65F
Temperature Daytime 50-65F
Temperature Evening 40F+
Lighting Partial / Light, 4-6 Hours/Day
Water Light, 6 Gallons/Week
Maturity Light, 35-50 Days Harvest
PH Neutral 6.5-7.2
Zones 1A-9B
Plant Placement 4 Plants, 4 Per Row

Packet: 9-10 grams of seed

 

Radicchio, Palla Rossa Precoce Sirena, Chicory


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$2.49

This reliable radicchio forms a gorgeous, firm, round, dark-red and white head which appears like a jewel when you pull aside the tattered clump of outer wrapping leaves. With a unique and tangy taste, it adds flavour, colour, and crisp texture to salads.

Palla Rossa Special Chicory Seeds can be planted for summer or fall harvest. Cut the heads at the soil level, and it may regrow.

Type Chicory
Family Asteraceae  Family
Temperature Soil 50-65F
Temperature Daytime 50-65F
Temperature Evening 40F+
Lighting Partial / Light, 4-6 Hours/Day
Water Light, 6 Gallons/Week
Maturity Light, 35-50 Days Harvest
PH Neutral 6.5-7.2
Zones 1A-9B
Plant Placement 4 Plants, 4 Per Row

Packet: 9-10 grams of seed

 

Sugar Loaf Chicory, Pain De Sucre


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$2.49

Sugar Loaf chicory seeds grow like an upright, tightly headed, very large Romaine lettuce. Beneath the outer, pale-green, mild tasting leaves lies a blanched heart of sweet, pale-golden white leaves with extraordinary flavour. Sugar Loaf is perfect for late summer and fall harvests. We recommend pulling off a few of the enormous wrapper leaves and then lying the cylindrical core on its side and slicing across like a loaf of bread. Try a salad of Sugar Loaf with a hot oil dressing and croutons. Officially this endive is an escarole type. It's an old heirloom variety that sometimes goes by its French handle, Pain de Sucre.

Type Chicory
Family Asteraceae  Family
Temperature Soil 50-65F
Temperature Daytime 50-65F
Temperature Evening 40F+
Lighting Partial / Light, 4-6 Hours/Day
Water Light, 6 Gallons/Week
Maturity Light, 35-50 Days Harvest
PH Neutral 6.5-7.2
Zones 1A-9B
Plant Placement 4 Plants, 4 Per Row

Packet: 10 grams of seed