• Broccoli can be grown in cold weather soil as low as 40F.
  • Before planting, whether in a pot or directly into the soil, work in about 2-4 inches of rich compost.
  • Plan to plant your broccoli in a sunny spot.
  • If you're planting in the spring, seed or transplant two to three weeks before the last frost.
  • If you're planting in the fall, seed 85-100 days before the first frost.
  • In a warmer climate, plant seeds in the fall, as broccoli likes colder soil.
  • Plant seeds about 1/2 an inch deep.
  • Plant your broccoli seeds about 12-24 inches apart and leave 26 inches between each row.


  • Fertilize about three weeks after transplanting.
  • Cover the soil with mulch to preserve soil moisture.
  • Water regularly – broccoli soil needs to be moist at all times.
  • Do not water the broccoli heads – stick to watering the soil only.


  • Harvest broccoli once heads are firm and tight, before you see any flowers.
  • If you start to see yellow petals, harvest immediately.
  • Cut the heads directly from the plant, about 6 inches of stem.
  • Most broccoli varieties will have different shoots on the same plant, so you'll be able to harvest all season long.

Happy Planting!